Il ruolo della terapia antalgica nella gestione del dolore pelvico cronico in endometriosi profonda
U.O. interdisciplinare di Medicina e Terapia del Dolore. Centro di Riferimento Regionale
– Ospedale Accreditato Santa Maria Maddalena, Rovigo
Advanced Algology Research -Associazione riconosciuta per la ricerca scientifica, Rimini
Autore di riferimento: Gilberto Pari
In some patients endometriosis causes persistent or chronic pain, becoming a specialistic algologic problem. Considering various possible pathogenic pain mechanisms, when pain therapy of endometriosis cannot be etiologic, far from being only symptomatic, it is based on a pathogenetic criterion. We must consider that in endometriosis pain can be due to activation of nociceptors sensibilized by endometriosic tissues (tissutal nociceptive pain), unresponding to NSAIDs and opioids, or to the nerve damage by nerve compression from endometriosic cistis or by involvement of nerve structures in scar tissue (neuropathic pain), unresponding to antinociceptive therapy but responding, at least partially, to some neuropathic specific pain drugs and to electrostimulation of the nervous system. And finally, we can have nociplastic pain, where cerebral and spinal neuroplasticity is the main mechanism causing pain: when facing this type of pain, the only effective management should follow a biopsychosocial and interdisciplinary model.
Keywords: endometriosis; chronic pelvic pain; pain therapy; interdisciplinary management.
Presente in LRIOG Nr.3 – 2021