Bartholini’s gland cysts

Bartholini’s gland cysts

Franco Anglana – Orcid, Michela Angelucci – Orcid

 

Corresponding Author: Franco Anglana

franco.anglana@gmail.com


DOI: 10.53146/lriog120217

Abstract

Bartholin’s glands are symmetrical vestibular tubular glands that produce a clear, transparent fluid to lubricate the vulval vestibule. When the opening of these glands becomes obstructed, the fluid remains within the gland, causing a cyst. This condition is more frequent in nulliparous women and is rare in menopausal and postmenopausal women. The overall prevalence is 2%, and the average age of the patients is 20-29 years. If the fluid becomes infected with bacteria, the cyst develops an abscess. The most frequently isolated pathogens are Escherichia coli, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. The main symptom is a tender, painful lump near the vaginal opening associated with discomfort while walking or sitting and pain during intercourse. When taking a medical history, doctors should research triggers that might cause the duct to become obstructed (previous infections, poor hygiene, tight clothing, hair removal, oestrogen/progestin use and consequent vulvar atrophy). Bartholin’s cysts are easily diagnosed by clinical examination: no laboratory or radiographic tests are necessary. However, surgery is required to treat them. Marsupialization consists of suturing the cyst wall open to ensure the gland can drain freely, thus restoring its anatomical and functional integrity.

Keywords: cyst; abscess; bartolini gland; vulvar swelling; vulvar neoformation.


Available in LRIOG Nr.1 – 2021

e-ISSN: 1824-0283


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