Adnexal surgery “fertility sparing” in deep endometriosis
1 – Department for the Protection of Women’s Health and Quality of Life, ISSA International School of Surgical Anatomy, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, Verona
Corresponding Author: Anna Katarzyna Stepniewska
Adnexal surgery in deep endometriosis represents a significant clinical problem because the patients who suffer from it are typically of childbearing age and often, in addition to aiming for the improvement of painful sym- ptoms, have a desire for pregnancy. Endometriosis can cause infertility and the surgical removal of the disease implies a good chance of conception; at the same time surgery, in particular of endometriomas, involves the risk of a reduction in the ovarian reserve, up to its extreme consequence represented by premature menopause. For this reason, the indications for surgery must be evaluated very carefully and accompanied by an appropriate instrumental study that allows for an adequate surgical procedure; all this, in order to radically remove the disease and not expose the patient to a high risk of recurrence resulting in subsequent surgical gestures and a consequent further reduction of the ovarian reserve. Histological, anatomical aspects and hints on surgical instrumentation are presented, all useful for choosing the most appropriate surgical approach. The various traditional and innovative surgical techniques are also discussed and other additional procedures useful to reduce the risk of decreased ovarian reserve and postoperative adhesions are described.
Keywords: deep endometriosis; laparoscopic surgery; ovarian reserve; fertility.
Available in LRIOG Nr.3 – 2021